Wood Bioenergy Basics

What is wood-based biofuel?

Biofuel is one specific form of bioenergy, or energy derived from biomass. There are many forms that both biomass and biofuel can take. However these research projects focus primarily on woody biomass that will be turned into cellulosic ethanol and used as a component of transportation fuel. Some aspects of this research can also apply to other wood-based forms of energy, such as heat and electricity.

There are many potential sources of woody biomass, including shrubs or trees grown on plantations, managed natural forests, and waste products left behind after forest harvesting or management activities. Different refineries or conversion processes may require different types of feedstock, or biomass material for their supply.

Using wood as a fuel source has implications for current energy and climate concerns. Carbon dioxide released by burning fuel can be removed from the atmosphere by the re-growth of plant material. Replacing fossil fuels with fuel produced from sustainably managed sources of woody biomass can therefore play a role in mitigating climate change. As a locally available, renewable resource, woody fuels also have the potential to contribute to energy independence for Michigan. For more information on wood-based bioenergy, see the following sources:


Resources on wood-based bioenergy:


Posters and Fact Sheets on Michigan woody biomass